Category Archives: Thoughts and Opinions


Hay guys. I got a WiiU and spent the week playing through Super Mario 3D World, New Super Mario Bros and Mario Kart 8. Already picked up Hyrule Warriors and Bayonetta 2, but I think I’ll take a break before getting into those. There’s so many good games coming out recently, it’s hard to keep on top of everything. D:

I love that I can play games while playing YouTube videos on the TV. That’s great for multitasking, since I have a huge list of “Watch Later” videos which are mostly talks that don’t require my full attention.

It’s a shame that the gamepad doesn’t reach very far (I can’t use it in the bathroom :( ). The quality of the gamepad screen is also kind of meh… The video compression on it is pretty visible. But it’s still way more comfortable than any other handheld gaming device, which makes up for that.

I haven’t seen any particularly creative uses for having two screens yet, but maybe I’ll see that in some other games. Mario World did a few fun things with the touchscreen, but nothing that was a major part of the game experience.

Anyway… Although the hardware feels a bit weak, it’s great fun to use and feels much less gimmicky than the Wii, based on the few games I’ve tried so far. It’s also great to finally be able to play Nintendo games in HD. Long overdue, that. :P

PS: I’m rather infatuated with Rosalina now. I’m going to have to learn how to use her in Smash.

How to Win Friends and Influence People

I recently read “How to Win Friends and Influence People” by Dale Carnegie, and I totally recommend it to anyone who has to deal with people for a living. (so just about everyone)

The short version of the book is: Be polite and empathetic towards everyone you meet, and show a genuine interest in them. Avoid arguments and be very sensitive and understanding when trying to change someone’s mind. Admit it when you’re wrong. Remember that people are emotional creatures, and that they’re motivated by their own pride and desires more than anything else. Make people feel appreciated and important.

Although the book is mainly set in the context of business transactions, I think it’s quite useful in just about any type of relationship, and I’ve been figuring out a lot of the lessons on my own over the years while dealing with people online.

Here’s some of my favorite quotes from the book:

“Remember that the people you are talking to are a hundred times more interested in their wants and problems than they are in yours.”

“Don’t criticize people; for they are just what you would be under similar circumstances.”

“Remember that we are not dealing with creatures of logic, but with creatures of emotion, bristling with prejudices and motivated by pride.”

“Be hearty in your appreciation and lavish in your praise, and people will cherish your words even long after you have forgotten them.”

“Nobody needs a smile so much as those who have none left to give.”

“Abilities wither under criticism; they blossom under encouragement.”

“It takes character and self control to be understanding and forgiving. A great man shows his greatness by how he treats little men.”


Independance & Minecraft

Scottish Independence:

You guys outside of the UK might not know or care, but Scotland could be a real country soon!
Everyone’s getting really passionate about it and the vote is looking to be very close at the moment.

Most of my highschool and uni friends are in favor of independence, because they think the Scottish government will make better decisions for Scotland than the British government has done so far, and I mostly agree. Scotland currently controls education and healthcare, and well, those things are arguably handled much better than they are in England. (Education is still free in Scotland, while prices are going up in England). Meanwhile, England is making some very unpopular decisions in regards to immigration policies, European Union membership, and military spending, which most Scots disagree with.

On the other hand, voters against independence are generally people who are satisfied with what they’ve got, and don’t want to take any risks. Which is understandable, I suppose. The UK government is obviously trying very hard to convince Scotland to stay, with some rather patronizing and fear-mongering ads.

Anyway, no matter how things go, one side is going to be very pissed off at the other side.
Personally, it probably won’t make a huge difference to me, since I get paid by US companies, so my job or currency isn’t threatened at all.


I’m both nervous and excited about Microsoft buying Minecraft/Mojang.
For $2.5 billion, they’ve gotta have some serious plans for it (a sequel?), but at the same time, MS could totally mess this up, as they’ve done with Rare in the past. At the very least, development on Minecraft should speed up with a bigger team behind it, and I think that should be quite interesting.

Also, I think this makes Notch the first indie game developer to become a billionaire…. impressive.

Somewhat related, I’ve been talking to a local community centre about starting some sort of Minecraft club for kids! That could be an interesting experience if it goes ahead.


Now that my brother’s moved out, I’ve got a spare room! I’m thinking of building a gym in there, because there’s not much use for it otherwise.

I recently inherited a bench and some weights, so I’ve started doing a bit of lifting, and it’s pretty addictive! Plus it’s something I can do even when the weather’s crap, unlike running and cycling.

Chili Peppers:

Recently my Scorpion chili plant produced a single fruit! I’m not stupid enough to eat the whole thing, but I’ll try a bit at some point. Unfortunately it’s not the record holder anymore; new varieties are developed too quickly!

Not sure if I mentioned it earlier, but my Ghost plant produced like 5 peppers, and I ate half of one! It was definitely worse than anything I had ate before.

Anyway, that’s me crossed growing chili peppers off my achievements list.
I’ve grown 12 types of peppers in total, and have had enough of them.

Time to find a new hobby!

2014-08-29 19.19.47-1

This thing will melt your face off.

EBF4: Steam Sale Results

Yesterday, Epic Battle Fantasy 4′s group won the Community’s Choice vote on Steam, meaning that EBF4 and the other games in it’s group were selected for a huge discount lasting 8 hours, and featured on Steam’s front page. It was smart of Valve to bundle EBF4 with Final Fantasy 7, as fans of FF are very likely to enjoy EBF too, so I got a chance to leech some players from a very popular game series! :D
votechoice1This little bit of luck turned out to be huge for me, because in just 8 hours, the total number of people who had bought the game on Steam had almost quadrupled!

So I’ve got a huge number of new players, many of which probably won’t even have heard of EBF before, and the response from them has been pretty good. Besides a few technical problems, no one’s told me that they hate the game. So that’s cool.

Sure, many players who buy games in Steam sales won’t actually end up playing those games, but that’s fine, it still works out to a lot of extra fans (and cash!) that I wasn’t expecting.

I’m not sure how Valve decides what games get featured, but I do know that not all of them get a chance, so I must be doing something right. (EBF4 was also featured on the front page in Europe, the day after launch)

So it looks like I’ve got a good future ahead of me on Steam, and hopefully getting a game through Greenlight won’t take 6 months next time! :P

Steam is now my primary source of income (with Kongregate premium sales being second), and what this means is that I’ll definitely be focusing on larger games with paid content, rather than completely free web games. But I’ll continue to make free web versions too.

And yeah, I’ll probably make EBF5… someday.

So Good They Can’t Ignore You

Just finished reading So Good They Can’t Ignore You by Cal Newport, and his career advice mostly lines up with my personal experience.

The book’s advice for finding work that you love is to build up skills through years of *deliberate practice*, until your skills are rare and valuable enough to afford you control over your work. Being good at something and having connections will give you more opportunities and make your work feel more meaningful.

It tries to debunk the idea that boldly following your passions will lead to satisfying work. That approach won’t work if your skills aren’t valuable enough to support you, or earn you enough autonomy to enjoy your work.

“Working right matters more than finding the right work”, as the author puts it. The most interesting and rewarding work lies at the cutting edge of your field, where there’s room for new innovations, and plenty of consumers looking for those innovations. But to get there you need to have a strong knowledge of what you’re building upon, and you’ll need to be able to specialize in a small area that few others do.

Anyone who follows the indie game development scene will know how many new developers fail to make a living off of their passion, because they jump on the bandwagon without enough experience, or with unreasonably high expectations.

In my case, I didn’t consider doing game development full time until I was consistently making good money off of it, and it took me a long time to get there. Before that I spent a lifetime on learning how to draw, 7 years playing around with Flash and animations, and 4 years getting a software engineering degree – and not getting paid for any of that, but instead gaining skills and reputation. At first the effort wasn’t deliberate – game development was only a hobby – but after highschool I became more serious about looking at career options, and started measuring my progress and setting goals.

As I’ve learned recently, the most useful skills were often the ones that were the toughest to learn. I didn’t endure through University because I enjoyed learning about design patterns or project management, or because programming was my “passion”; I did it because I wanted some valuable skills which would make me a better game developer, or at least get me some other job if that path didn’t work out.
(Though I did begin to enjoy University once I gained control over my 4th year projects, which was only allowed because I had plenty of game dev experience by then.)

For a while, I became complacent with developing medium-sized web games, and stopped making an effort to improve my skills, opting to stick to what I knew and what was easy for me. Luckily, the market for web games started to shrink, and I was forced to look at the long-term viability of my career. I started looking at developing games for other platforms, including mobile devices and Steam, and although the process of adapting was difficult, I’ve gained a ton of valuable experience as a result, and feel more confident than ever. I’ve begun to make an effort to network with other game developers, to do more research on current market trends, and read boring textbooks. Most people never see the work that goes on behind the scenes.

Anyway, I think the main message to take away is that if you’re comfortable with the work you’re doing, that means you’re not challenging yourself enough, and you probably won’t get to where the most satisfying jobs are at. You should always take time off from being productive and instead squeeze in some time for research and practice, and concentrate more on what you can offer to the world, rather than what the world can offer to you.

Anyway, enough ranting from me.

Tidying Up After Steam

Yo, it’s almost been two weeks since EBF4′s Steam launch, and things have been kind of hectic, but they’re calming down now.

Here’s some of the stuff I’ve been up to:

Dealing with technical problems for customers.
There’s not been very many people with problems, but it only takes a few to become annoying. And there’s still a few issues that I have no idea how to solve. I’d rather give out refunds than deal with this stuff, but Steam doesn’t let me do that personally. D:

That’s another reason why I don’t want to release the game on Mac and Linux. It’s hard enough for me to help out people on Windows! Imagine trying to do tech support for operating systems you’re not familiar with… hah! I’m not going to put myself in that position. Nope. No way.

Fixing bugs.
There’s not been a lot of serious issues, but there’s still a few things that I’ve had to fix, including one broken achievement. I’ll be updating the game within a day or two with these fixes.

Giving out free copies.
I’ve given out over 500 free copies of EBF4 already. To YouTubers, Fan artists, reviewers, and people like that. But the biggest chunk went to groups that do game giveaways.

Reading reviews and watching Let’s Plays.
It’s interesting to see what people think of the new content, especially those playing on Epic difficulty. It was supposed to be incredibly hard, but perfectly managable if you use some strategy. And that seems to be more or less what people are reporting.

Looking for other distribution platforms.
Good Old Games turned me down because they felt that EBF4 wouldn’t sell well, since there’s already a free version. Fair enough. The Humble Bundle guys seem to be more interested in the game though, and it should show up on the Humble Store sometime soon.

I’ve also been contacted by a few of the lesser known bundles, and I’ll try to stick EBF4 into some of those too.

Anyway, I can’t wait until all of the above is out of the way, and I can finally work on something new.

Classic Films and Random Thoughts

It’s been ages since I’ve done a personal blog. Winter’s just been kind of dull for me, but I’ll try to write a few things.

I’ve been watching a lot of classic movies lately. Spelunky and La-Mulana reminded me that I still hadn’t seen Indiana Jones, so I decided it would be a good idea to see where culture comes from. So far I’ve seen:
• Indiana Jones 1,2 and 3
• Terminator 1 and 2
• All of the Rocky Films
• Rambo 1 and 2

My favorite of the bunch has to be the earlier Rocky films, but I also loved Terminator 2. I expected Indiana Jones to be more about exploring temples and ancient cultures, and less about cheesy action scenes with Nazis. So I was a bit disappointed there.

I’m interested to hear from you guys about what other old films I should watch. I’ve really not seen very many.

I’m still playing a lot of games on Steam. I’ll do another batch of reviews soon.

I watched Indie Game: The Movie again. It made me feel like I’ve sold out a bit, in the sense that I’ve started making games based on what the players want, rather than what I want. If it was up to me, I’d make the EBF games more like the RPGs I played when I was a kid. With no bestiary, cheap enemies, really hard to find secrets, no easy mode, and stuff like that. But instead I’ve tried to make EBF4 as accessible as possible, and as a result, I think it feels a lot less personal.

Interestingly, most of the game developers that were featured in Indie Game had made very hard games, and that didn’t seem to hurt their popularity at all. Super Meat Boy, Braid, and Fez were all very difficult, either in their action or in their cryptic puzzles.

Edmund McMillen made an interesting point in one interview about Binding of Isaac. He said he didn’t like displaying numbers in his games, or explaining the mechanics in detail, leaving the player to learn and memorize everything by themselves. I would kind of like to do a bit more of that in EBF (for example, by not explicitly mentioning the special effects of equips or skills), but I wonder how well that would go down with players.

Anyway, I don’t plan on changing the way I make games, since this approach has worked well for me so far. And I’ve not totally sold out; I still do a lot of things that many casual players don’t like. (like making unobtainable ultimate weapons, the cut-out art style, some super hard puzzles, and troll bosses like the glitch)

Oh well.

Now that the Kongregate release of EBF4 is out of the way, I’m going to be getting ready for the Steam release. It shouldn’t take too long, as I’ve already solved most of the hardest problems. All I have to do is get rid of Kongregate’s branding, change the loading screen, add support for multiple resolutions, stick in Steam’s API, make some more Steam store graphics, and package the game nicely. Hopefully that won’t take too long, but tricky problems have a way of popping up.

The developer of Intrusion 2 was awesome enough to help me out with a few things, so you should go buy his game!

And one last thing; I’ve got a girlfriend now!
She’s fun to hang out with, and we’ve got a lot in common, so that’s nice.
And I don’t have to play Outlast by myself anymore! Hurray!

Remaking Cat Cafe

Here’s a little blog about what I’ve learned while working on Cat Cafe. If you do a lot of game programming, then you’re probably familiar with a lot of this stuff. But if like me, you started off by making Flash animations, and are used to making games in the Flash Pro IDE, some of the following features may be new to you.

The advantages of hardware acceleration!

As most of you probably already now, Flash was designed for running small animations in web browsers. It’s traditionally never taken advantage of your GPU (graphic’s card), because you don’t really want to give random Flash apps that much power over your machine. Flash also likes to use vector art to save on filesize. As a result, Flash’s graphics performance is rather crap.

But new versions of Flash introduced the Stage3D API, which lets you take advantage of the GPU, hurray! Still, this feature has to be enabled on whatever website is showing the Flash content, so it won’t work everywhere. On mobile devices, you don’t generally use web apps, and instead you download them to your phone from trusted sources, and when you do that, you give them permission to do whatever they need to do. So getting permission to use the GPU isn’t an issue anymore.

So hardware acceleration means better performance, but you need more permissions, which web-apps don’t usually get.

What is Starling?

The Stage3D API is really hard to use. It’s really low level stuff. Starling is a framework that gives you a layer on top of Stage3D which is much easier to use, and works more like Flash’s normal sprites and display list.

The major difference between working with Starling and working in Flash Pro, is that you gotta do a lot more coding. You can’t just put a bunch of vector graphics down on the stage and then do some motion tweens on them. You have to save your graphics as bitmaps, and create and control them through code. This makes it a lot harder to put together a scene you’ve visualized, but it also gives you a lot more control over the objects in your game.

Advantages of scripted animation?

Well one huge advantage of scripting your tweens instead of doing them in Flash Pro means that they can be either frame-based or time-based. Frame-based tweens are synced with the framerate of your game, while time-based ones are synced to the actual time, meaning that they can have a variable amount of frames in them. This is pretty useful sometimes. In Cat Cafe, it means that the game doesn’t slow down if your phone can’t handle the full framerate of 60fps. It simply runs at the same speed, but at a lower framerate, and doesn’t play differently at all.

A lot of frequently used tweens like “bounce in” or “ease in and then out” can be created by setting one variable, which is a lot less work then setting easing over several keyframes in Flash Pro. You can even create your own preset tweens to reuse later! (I haven’t tried this, but it seems very useful. Would have been very useful in EBF, for death and heal animations, which always use the same color/alpha tweens.)

Another advantage is that it’s usually just plain easier to make changes. If you want to make an animation last longer, or you want to tween an extra property, or you want to run a function when the animation finishes, or whatever… you just have to add or change one variable. Meanwhile in Flash Pro, it can be quite frustrating trying to update many keyframes of animation if you want to change something.

One final advantage, which is quite handy, is that you can easily have tweens “blend” into each other. For example, if your character is doing an “attack” animation, and then he’s interrupted half way through and starts doing a “hurt” animation, the tweens will naturally  move into the new animation. If you animate in Flash Pro, you can’t do this, instead you get an instant animation jump, which sometimes looks quite ugly.

What is DragonBones?

DragonBones is an add-on for Flash Pro, which lets you export animations you make there into a format that is usable by Starling and maybe other frameworks too. Basically, it takes your animation, and converts all of the vector art into a bitmapped spritesheet, and converts your tweens into XML data, which can be parsed by whatever engine or framework that supports it. It actually works well, and supports frame labels and events, and everything that I needed for Cat Cafe. I haven’t tried anything very complicated yet though.

This is cool because it means you don’t have to do frame-by-frame spritesheet animation to take advantage of hardware acceleration! The performance is a bit worse due to the extra processing of the tweens and all that, but it saves memory, and it’s better than having to pre-render every frame of a long animation! Also, it lets you swap out textures/skins, which I do a lot in my games.

The main inconveniences are that I have to export the whole animation every time I want to make a minor change, and that parsing the XML data seems to take some time. But no big deal.

Dragon bones!

Dragon bones!

How has all of this effected Cat Cafe?

Well first off, it’s totally spaghettified my code. Cat Cafe was already more than half finished before I even considered using Starling or DragonBones, so I had to redo quite a large portion of the game. It would have helped to do a bit more research before jumping into a project I guess.

So I had to reprogram a lot of the game, and move a lot of code and assets to different places. The result is the messiest code that I’ve worked on since Bullet Heaven (when I was just learning AS3).

But apart from that, the performance is a lot better! Cat Cafe now easily runs at 60fps and 720p on my Galaxy Note 2. Previously it was only getting around 30fps. There’s also more animation going on now; previously the cats didn’t move once they popped up, but now they breathe and stuff. The game also runs perfectly on my dad’s HTC Sensation. I’ve also been testing it on my old HTC Desire, and it doesn’t run amazing, but it’s perfectly playable, at around 33fps.

The newer phones seem to have gained a larger performance boost from the changes. Maybe that’s because they have much better GPUs or something. Having multiple CPU cores doesn’t help much, because Flash never uses more than one (as far as I know).

I think the performance bottleneck is now at the logic, rather than the graphics rendering. For example, parsing and initializing the Dragon Bones skeletons seems to take significant processing. It’s not very noticeable on my Note 2 (takes maybe a second or less), but on my Desire, it takes around 3 seconds. Luckily, I only need to do that once when the game is loaded.

Anyway, the game runs a lot better now than I ever expected was possible with Flash, and I’m sure the performance could be even better if I was more familiar with Starling and Dragon Bones.

I should also mention that I was too lazy to remake the menus in Starling, so they’re still just normal Flash content. They don’t have much animation, and performance isn’t vital there, so I don’t really think they’re worth the effort of updating. But in future I’ll do things properly from the start and all the way through.

I need more phones!

I need more phones!

What’s next?

Well Cat Cafe is almost finished now. I just need add achievements, polish off a few things, maybe try to improve the performance a bit more, test on some more devices, and then publish it for beta testing.

I’ll release the phone version on the web for some testing and feedback first. This will literally be the phone version, but in your web browser. So it’s going to play a little strangely. I’ll mainly be looking to fix bugs and get suggestions with this release, and I’ll take it down after a few days.

After that I’ll release it on Android, and if things go smoothly, I’ll start looking at iOS shortly afterwards. Porting to iOS should be very easy, the only issue is that I’ll have to buy an iDevice or two, or try to find some people who have some.

And then once all of that is sorted, I’ll release the real web version to promote the mobile versions. Woop.

Starling Tests

When I was in London, a bunch of people recommended that I check out the Starling framework for making Flash games for mobile platforms. I was already slowly looking into it, but after hearing about the massive advantages and relative ease of implementation, I jumped right into it.

Basically, Starling let’s you use Flash’s Stage3D API and hardware acceleration without having to do any low-level programming.
With hardware acceleration, you get much better performance, which is very important for mobiles.

The limitation is that Flash’s traditional motion-tweened animations don’t really port well; it’s better to use sprite-sheet style animation.
That’s fine for Cat Cafe though, because the animations are very simple, and I can port the tweening required quite easily.

Anyway, here’s some of the tests I did:


Test 1: Stars


Test 2: Cats


Test 3: Tweens






The first test is just a bunch of glowy and transparent objects bouncing around, much like they would in Bullet Heaven.

The second test has a lot more particles and no transparency, which speeds things up a bit.

The final test is just to see what Starling’s built in tweening engine can do. It’s pretty easy to code objects flying around, stretching, rotating and fading. But it would be pretty hard to animate a character with multiple moving parts this way.

All of these tests should run at 60fps on a decent machine. They’re pretty extreme though, and no games that I have planned will need this many objects, not even a potential Bullet Heaven 2. For now I’m just going to use Starling to get Cat Cafe working at 60fps on crappy phones.

Checklists and Trello

Checklists are the most important organizational tool ever.
If you don’t use checklists, you’re not organized, and you should feel bad.

Wikipedia puts it quite well: “A checklist is a type of informational job aid used to reduce failure by compensating for potential limits of human memory and attention. It helps to ensure consistency and completeness in carrying out a task.”

Basically: “Your memory sucks. So make checklists so you can never forget anything.”

Whenever I work on a game, I make lists of features to add, bugs to fix, stats to set, and other things to do. I then work through these, and cross them off when they’re done. I’ve got checklists for items, foes, maps, stats, skills, treasure chests, menus, mechanics, ad locations, bugs, tweaks, user complaints, users to credit, and everything else. I have a look at each item in the list, and either address it, or decide that it’s no longer relevant and get rid of it. Once the list is empty, I move onto the next one. I even sometimes go further and add stuff like the current progress on each task, its priority, or how much time that task is expected to take.

This all makes it very easy to remember what I have to do, and to keep track of how much progress I’ve made. It keeps me focused and motivated.

At first I did this mostly on paper. I literally have piles of notebooks full of just notes and checklists.
I moved on to using notepad and other plain text editors, once paper started going out of fashion for me.

I’m currently using a webapp called Trello for my checklists. It does the job very well, using a sticky-note style interface. You’ve got different “boards” where you attach your lists, which look a lot like sticky notes. You can also include images, links, dates, colors, or whatever else you need.

There’s some pretty cool advantages of using Trello over traditional paper notes:

  • I’ve got the Trello app on my phone as well as on my desktop PC, so I can update my lists from anywhere.
  • Trello archives all of your activity, so you can always go back and find out exactly when you did what.
  • Trello can be used for collaborating! You can share your lists with others for managing projects, and assign different people to tasks.

Here’s what some of my lists currently look like:


As you can see there, checklists aren’t only useful for work! You can put fun things on them too! My favorite use is making a list of in-real-life achievements to work towards. If people can do pointless and repetitive tasks to earn achievements in videogames, why can’t they do the same in real life, where the achievements actually matter?

If you wake up every morning and open up Trello, you’ll quickly remember what work you’re supposed to do today, what activities you’ve got lined up for your free time, and what your long-term goals are.

So yeah, I just wanted to get that out there. Occasionally I get questions like “How do you stay motivated to finish your games?”, and stuff like that. Well, checklists are a big part of the answer.